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Delegate Nguyen Thi Le, Vice Chairwoman of the People’s Council of Ho Chi Minh City, pointed out that people are seriously lacking in affordable housing and social housing, due to the inadequacy and inconsistency between current laws.

On the morning of November 3, the National Assembly discussed at the group the draft Law on Land (amended). Delegate Nguyen Thi Le, Vice Chairwoman of the People’s Council of Ho Chi Minh City, suggested that land planning should be adjusted to solve the supply-demand mismatch.

The reason according to the delegate, statistics show that the situation of real estate projects high-end and central segments is now appearing a lot, people are facing a serious shortage of affordable housing priced at less than 2 billion VND/unit and social housing.

This has a direct impact on the goal of ensuring social security in housing for the majority of disadvantaged people in society – middle- and low-income people in urban areas.

The reason is partly because the provisions of the 2014 Housing Law are not in sync with the 2013 Land Law. To solve, according to Ms. Le, it is necessary to focus on adjusting planning policies, incentives, and fund use. support land; creating conditions not only for businesses and high-income people to access land, but also for the working class and manual workers to find housing in the urban center, convenient for travel. work and live.

Vice Chairman of the People’s Council of Ho Chi Minh City also said that when the planning problem is solved, the supply and demand issue will also have a basis to gradually return to a stable trajectory, thereby controlling land prices and helping the land market. Land becomes stable, preventing speculation and corruption in the current land.

Psychology of land appraisal council members “very insecure”

From another perspective, delegate Nguyen Thi Hong Hanh, deputy director of the Ho Chi Minh City Department of Justice, proposed that the law should abolish the household institution, due to the complexities related to the right to transfer, especially agricultural land.

Người dân đang bị thiếu trầm trọng nhà ở vừa túi tiền dưới 2 tỉ đồng - ảnh 2
Đại biểu Nguyễn Thị Hồng Hạnh, Phó giám đốc Sở Tư pháp TP.HCM


“There are three types of relationships: marital relationship, which is proved by marriage certificate, blood relationship through birth certificate, and foster relationship which is not yet available. But in the above three relationships, it is unlikely that they will be in the household registration book, so it is difficult to transfer and inherit, “Ms. Hanh said.

The deputy director of the Ho Chi Minh City Department of Justice also said that many cases related to real estate businesses were not eligible to raise capital but still mobilized; mobilized through the form of deposit transfer.

“Ho Chi Minh City has many cases, it is not clear and transparent in raising capital and transferring apartments, so many projects have not been granted red books for people, even though they have been living in for many years”, Ms. Hanh speak.

Delegate Hanh also suggested that there should be an agency to control the conditions for capital mobilization, whether or not to be eligible for transactions, which will prevent transactions like the past time, and at the same time ensure the interests of buyers but do not affect them. enjoy business activities.

Regarding regulations on specific land prices, as a member of the land price appraisal council of Ho Chi Minh City, Ms. Hanh said that “the mentality of the members is also very insecure”. The reason for the regulation does not state in which cases which land valuation method should be applied, but there are documents that apply different methods.

“There is an opinion of the Economic Committee that all 5 methods should be applied, whichever method is reasonable will be chosen. But if using this option, there is an opinion that the council will cause damage to people if the land price is low, or if the highest level is chosen, it will affect businesses. In practice, the difference between these two methods is very large, and the specific method of determining land prices needs to create a safe and fair legal corridor for businesses, “Ms. Hanh said.

In addition, the Deputy Director of the Ho Chi Minh City Department of Justice also said that the regulation “common land prices in the market” also has many problems, such as “appearing with the most frequency of land prices”, but many areas The area has very few transactions, or there is no speculative factor, how to determine?

Delegate Tran Hoang Ngan (Ho Chi Minh City delegation) mentioned inadequacies in the issue of compensation and resettlement. “When buying a house, people go back and forth to survey, it is very difficult to calculate compensation elsewhere. Many projects such as markets, commercial centers, industrial parks… put in to recover people’s land are not good. If a socio-economic project is needed, negotiate with the people at market prices, or consider only the types of  agricultural land, limiting the acquisition of non-agricultural land and residential land of the people”, Mr. Ngan said.

This delegate also mentioned the fact that, when meeting voters, people said that “the people’s land is suddenly planned as parkland, green trees and recovered at a very low price, while the next few meters are just a few meters away. For commercial land planning, the difference in compensation is too large”. While, according to Mr. Ngan, people in the commercial area still use the park, so they must share with those whose land has been confiscated to make the park to ensure fairness.

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